The search for a job can be overwhelming, especially when you're reading job postings for hours on end. That's why I put together this glossary of job, employment, and career terms; to help make your job-search and application process a little easier.
Applicant Tracking Systems (ATS) — Used by major employers to collect, store job candidate data and screen resumes from potential job candidates.
Background Check — Used by employers to verify the accuracy of the information you provide on your resume or job application. Information checked include: employment verification, educational background, references, credit history, medical records, driving record, court records, criminal records, and more.
Cover Letter — Should always accompany your resume when you contact a potential employer. A good cover letter opens a window to your personality (and describes specific strengths and skills you offer the employer). Cover Letters formats include: invited, uninvited, and referral.
Curriculum Vitae (CV) — See Resume
Electronic Resume (or E-Resume) — A resume (see resume) that is sent to the employer electronically, either via email, by submitting to Internet job boards, or on their on website.
Elevator Pitch — A 15 to 30-second pitch that job-seekers use in a variety of situations (career fairs, networking events, job interviews]) that shares who you are, what makes you different, and the benefits you can provide.
Email Cover Letter — A cover letter (see Cover Letter) that is sent to the employer electronically via email.
Follow-Up — Contacting the employers AFTER you've submitted your resume or had an interview. In the early phases of searching for a job, Follow-up is also important after the job interview, first with a thank-you letter, but then also with contact expressing your interest and fit for the position.
Internships — Internships involve working in your expected career field, either during a semester or over the summer. Besides gaining valuable experience, you get exposed to the business environment and gain valuable references and network contacts.
Interview — See Job Interviewing
Job Application — Also known as an Application for Employment. Many organizations require you to complete an application (either to get an interview or prior to an interview).
Job Interviewing — Both the employer and the job-seeker want to determine if the fit is right between them. The job interview is an opportunity for the employer to interview the job-seeker for the position they are hiring. Interview formats include: phone, stress, situational, group, traditional, and screening.
Letter of Interest — See Cover Letter
Letter of Recommendation — A letter of support for your skills, ability, and work ethic, usually written by a former boss or co-worker, but could also be from a teacher or personal reference.
References — A group of people who will say good things about you and who know specifics strengths that you offer. References may include professional references (current and past supervisors), educational references (former teachers or school administrators), and personal references (who can speak of your character). Prior to including someone as a reference, ask the person for permission.
Resume — A key job-hunting tool used to apply for jobs and get an interview, It summarizes your accomplishments, education, work experience, and should reflect your skills, personality, and strengths. Resumes come in various formats: chronological, electronic, functional, keyword, text, video, Curriculum Vitae, and web-based.
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